The museum as a specialised institution able to offer knowledge and information about the regional history, owns several collections in its heritage, one of the most important being that of historical documents.
The documents collection placed in one of the deposits of the Mountainous Banat Museum is represented by a number of over 3,000 papers representing correspondence, minutes of proceedings, form letters, registry books, records, addresses, post cards, most of them dating from the 19th-20th centuries and they were obtained during the time by donations or acquisitions. Written in Romanian, German, Hungarian or Serbian, they belong to the generous theme of industrial, military, educational, cultural history, therewith having an important value for the restoration of regional and national history.
The documents about the industrial history are mostly represented in the collection mentioned above. Many manuscripts, maps and mining plans, topographic maps, documents issued by officials, bank and economic units, individuals express the prestigious activity of the extracting and processing industry of Banat, of workers’ problems but also the cultural events related to the discussed phenomenon. In this collection, there is also a copy of the memoirs of the famous socio-democrat leader Eftimie Gherman, entitled Memoirs and Contributions to the Socialist Movement History, significant for the understanding of the phenomenon in Cara?-Severin and the relations with the national and international socialist movement.
The military history is represented by an important collection of documents issued by the Border Regiment in Caransebe? regarding the events which happened during the wars of the 18th century, of the 1848 revolution where a central place is occupied by the Chronicle of the Border Regiment No. 13. Drawn up by the captain Carol Schwab, this chronicle represents an incontestable proof that the presence of the Banatian rangers in the military campaigns during the revolution and the time of Napoleon Bonaparte, a document which was intensely appreciated by the specialists of the Museum. The collection of postcards sent from the front during the First World War, completes this important segment of Banat’s history.
Regarding the culture history, the set of programs, theatre and cinema posters, the posters for the Reunions of singing and music, the Theatre in Oravi?a, the choirs and the brass bands of Banat, documents of associations and different ethnic societies reveal the multi-national character and the intercultural communication, specific to Mountainous Banat. They constitute rich information archive in order to highlight the role that these manifestations and these institutions had in the assertion of culture in a proper perspective and the maintenance of a permanent dialogue on the realm of creativity, instruction and knowledge.
An important group of documents, acquired in the latest years refers to descriptions of Banat’s localities, an important source of information regarding the history of the 19th century, descriptions representing the notaries’ answers to the 1859 questionnaire issued by the Austrian authorities under the name Etnographisch-topographisch beschreibung des Serb-Banat Landesgebiet.
Another remarkable collection is that owned by the Social Institute Banat-Cri?ana founded in Timi?oara in 1932, documents belonging to the Fortune Community and not the least some notes of famous people such as the general Ion Dragalina and the elementary teacher Pavel Jumanca.